The Roselli Axe is the same head mounted on an 18" handle. The extra length increases leverage, gives the option if using both hands for increased power. Interestingly, two samples I tested weighed the same 1 pound, 12 ounces as the shorter hatchet. Besides functioning in the usual way as a chopping tool, the thick wedge shape of the blade makes it unusually efficient for splitting with minimal chance of the blade getting caught in the wood. The cut out in the blade, combined with the rounded form of the head behind the cutout, make it easy to get your hand behind the edge for shaving and carving. It can also be used to skin and dismember large game.